No. 4 Zenith (1899)
This very rare camera is the UK version of the No. 4 Eureka. There the Eureka name was already in use by W. Rouch & Co. for a plate camera, so Eastman Kodak had to rename their Eureka.
The Zenith was introduced in October 1899 and discontinued in 1900. Only 1000 were made, starting from serial number 701. The example in this video has number 881. It is rarely seen today.
There is no difference between the Eureka and Zenith, except for the name, which is printed inside the back door, on the focusing scale and on the strap.
The Eureka and Zenith cameras could take glass plate holders as well as a roll film holder. My camera was used with glass plates and still has its ground glass.
Below are two photos that were taken from the ground glass image in the back of this No. 4 Zenith. They do not show the quality of the photos that could be made with this instrument, but are examples of a modern creative process that is called Through the Viewfinder photography.
Both photos are taken on the old graveyard in Roermond.
Both photos copyright Jos Erdkamp, 2015