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No. 5 Folding Kodak Improved (1890)

The Folding Kodaks of the early 1890's were among the first bellows cameras that were designed as hand held cameras. When closed they resemble a satchel, so they are also known among collectors as 'satchel Kodaks'. One side of the satchel is hinged and folds down to form a bed over which the lensboard can be pulled out of the case.
During transportation the bellows, lens and shutter and all other parts are contained in the case, which can be carried over the shoulder on a long leather strap. The top of the box is hinged and gives access to the rollholder, plate holders and ground glass. 

  • The No. 5 takes pictures of 5 by 7 inch (13 x 18 cm).
  • The outer dimensions when closed changed over the years. The earliest models measure 6 1/4 x 7 x 9 inch (16 x 18 x 23 cm). During 1894-1896 the size was 7.5 x 9.25 x 10.125 inches (19 x 23 x 26 cm). The last model measures 7.5 x 9 x 9 3/4 inch (19 x 23  25 cm). It is not really a small camera, but for the early 1890's is was quite a transportable apparatus.
  • Price increased from $ 60 to $ 75. 
  • The camera was discontinued in 1897. The satchel Kodak design was outdated by then. In 1897 the No. 4 Cartridge Kodak came on the market, followed in 1898 by the No. 5 Cartridge Kodak for 5 x 7 inch photos. These were more compact and could be used with daylight loading rollfilms and plates as well.


5 x 7" Photo made with a No. 5 Folding Kodak

 


The Folding Kodak could be used on a tripod, but also as a handheld camera. Illustration from No. 5 Folding Kodak Instruction Manual.

 

When the camera came on the market in 1890 it was called No. 5 Folding Kodak. It had a smaller lens panel as the one in the video. It only could take photos on film that was loaded in a darkroom on a Eastman-Walker rollholder. From 1892 the cameras were changed so that they could accomodate plate holders as well.

In 1893 the Improved model appeared. 

  • It has a much wider lensboard
  • The lensboard has rising and horizontal sliding movements
  • It has a double swing back.
  • The drop down bed has extra hinges so that the front half of the bed can be swung down even more. This was neccesary when using wide angle lenses (otherwise the front part of the bed would show in the picture).
  • An extra lens panel and septum were supplied to convert the machine to a stereoscopic camera.

When the Folding Kodaks were introduced in 1890, they were intended for the snapshooter who did not want to bother about the technique of photography. But from 1893 on the cameras featured more complicated options and were aimed at the more "serious" amateur photographer.

In total 4900 No. 5 Folding Kodaks were made.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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